Do We Really Know Our History?

Thucydides | The Core Curriculum

Thucydides (an honest historian admits his limitations)

This reflection by Thucydides (b. 460 B.C.) has been much on my mind lately.

Thucydides wrote a history of the great war between Athens and Sparta. He was uniquely qualified to write it: he served as a general in Athens’ army, had survived the plague that struck Athens during the war, and had many contacts in other cities’ armies. After the war, he traveled around Greece, interviewing men who’d played a role in the war. He did everything a modern historian would do. His only purpose was to find out what had really happened. Really.

But at the end of all his labor, he had to admit that the history he’d written was nothing more than his own best effort, and certainly not the full story of the war. He confesses to his readers that his own memory, and the memories of others, was not a 100% reliable guide to events. What he has, he tells us, is no more than the best that he could do: there are bound to be errors in it, and holes.

When some, er, scholar tells us he’s got the whole story locked down, he knows what really happened long ago, he knows what it meant…

Don’t believe him. Thucydides wouldn’t.

‘Another Warning from History’ (2018)

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It’s too bad so few of us read history (or anything else) anymore. We might learn from the experience of others.

Another Warning from History

Our country’s founders read Thucydides. From his experience they knew that hysteria and naked lust for power made an exceedingly poor basis for public policy. Thucydides warned them, and they took it to heart.

Does anyone appreciate what almost happened to us in those Brett Kavanagh Supreme Court confirmation hearings? We almost tossed our entire legal doctrine out the window! Presumption of innocence, the requirement for evidence, and simple decency–Democrats were willing to chuck it all, as long as they could get their way.

Now these people are actually in power over us. They don’t like our country, they don’t like us, they don’t like our history, they don’t like our way of life, and if they were honestly elected by the American people, I’m the Sultan of Swat.

Yes, we could wreck our country. All it takes is hysteria and power-lust.


Australia’s Mass Vaccination of Children: Update

Temporary or Satellite COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Clinics: What to Consider  |

I’ve heard from my contact in Australia, and can now make some corrections in the reports that came out yesterday (“Australian government to seize and vaccinate 24,000 children,” etc.). An article in today’s Wall Street Journal confirms what I’ve been told ( I would like to stress that everything I posted here yesterday came from several news sources.

Here are the corrections.

This is happening in Sydney, not Melbourne.

The focus is on “only certain suburbs where the outbreak is at its worst.”

Only 18-year-olds will be vaccinated. They are preparing to take their high school final exams, which is why the vaccinations are en masse.

The shots are not compulsory.

There are no fines for non-compliance.

Well, that does paint a very different picture. My contact says “the hysteria is still pretty bad here.” That may account for the over-the-top initial news reports.

According to Thucydides–and he knew!–hysteria is the bane of democracies. Athenian hysteria caused them to make fatally bad decisions in the Peloponnesian War. Like invading Sicily for no good reason and getting wiped out.

Our world is not having a nice time, these past two years. Hysteria will make it worse. We’re carrying on as if COVID-19 were the Black Death of the Middle Ages–and I have no idea why our, ahem, leaders are presenting it to us as if it were. “Do everything we tell you, no matter how arbitrary and unreasonable, or you’re all gonna die!”

Governed by hysteria–not a nice prospect.


A Prediction: Prepare for Scare

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One thing I think is bound to be a feature of this year is scare stories aimed at us from all directions. Scares and hoaxes and we’re-all-freakin-doomed–from the nooze media, assorted politicians, corrupt government officials who think terrified people are easier to keep in line, “teachers,” academic pinheads, and globalist gasbags, just to name a few.

Just in the last few hours I’ve heard scare stories of global power outage, the dollar’s gonna crash, and Trump’s gonna start a civil war, blah-blah. You can shrug it off when it’s just some nimrods on the Internet. But of course it isn’t. It’s highly-paid, high-prestige, sages and oracles and Experts. Who have access to computer models! And when has a computer model ever steered anybody wrong?

The effect of this–you’d swear it was intended, but it’s probably not–will be a state of sheer confusion as to what the “news” is or isn’t. What’s really happening? Who’s doing what to whom? Thucydides, over 2,000 years ago, admitted those were very hard questions for any historian to answer: and he knew, because he’d tried. But how much harder is it now, with everybody and his brother spouting Genuine Bona Fide Bombshells and cluttering up your email with them? To say nothing of purposeful lies, all designed to help the Democrat Party seize power over us, peddled by the “real” nooze media? “It’s being reported in the nooze, so it must be true!” Ghaaa.

Since the Democrats stole the 2020 election, we regular people have been in a kind of state of shock. We will need courage and endurance. What passes for “news”  just now won’t shore up anybody’s courage or endurance.

Pray unceasingly.

What Really Happened?

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Thucydides, perhaps the greatest historian of them all, admitted to his readers that, try as he had tried, he’d found it impossible to learn and report what really happened. And he was talking about the Peloponnesian War, in which he served as a general. He even caught the plague. And after the war he traveled all over Greece, interviewing people who’d participated in the war.

And his conclusion: “I’ve done the best I could.” But people’s memories play tricks on them, people lie and then forget they’re lying–and, well, history is hard.

I’ve read a lot about that last Democrat “debate,” and that’s what brought old Thucydides so vividly to mind.

Here we had a widely televised event. Millions of people saw and heard exactly the same thing. At the same time.

And yet the reporting of the event has run the gamut from “A total disaster for Bloomberg–he’s finished!” to “masterful performance by a great candidate!” And all points in between. Good luck, Thucydides, trying to find out what really happened.

What the various reporters and commentators said had very much to do with what they wanted their audience to think. With what agenda they were pushing. It would be nice if we could rely on our free and independent press for honest, accurate, fair, unbiased news reporting. [Allow three full minutes for a storm of sardonic belly-laughs] But that would be like relying on things to fall up instead of down.

The ones who stayed neutral for a while were waiting for their checks to clear.

One thing we can rely on is the certainty that the Democrats are not our friends. Under no circumstances should we vote for one of them. Ever.

I don’t care how they try to package Bloomberg. He’s got that “D” after his name, and really, that’s all I need to know.


By Popular Demand: America Is Not a ‘Democracy’

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Democrats want to undo the 2016 election, they say, to “save the Nation” and protect America from threats to “democracy.” This is crapola. It has always been crapola, and always will be.

From the Constitution, Article IV, Section 4: “The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government…” Not a “democracy.”

Our country’s founders knew their history. They saw in classical Greek democracy–vividly clear in Thucydides’ history of the war between Athens and Sparta–a recipe for self-destruction. To them “democracy” was a nice name for hysteria. For example: Athens self-destructed, and lost the war with Sparta that they were winning at the time, by picking a fight–for no reason but pure arrogant foolishness–with Syracuse. Athens sent her army to Sicily to attack Syracuse, which was richer and stronger and more populous than Athens. As for the Athenian expedition, no one came home; and before much longer, the Spartans were tearing down Athens’ walls and imposing a puppet government to replace the democracy. Attacking Syracuse wasn’t the only foolishness indulged in by the democracy in the war, but it was the worst folly they could think of.

Our founders wanted nothing to do with democracy. It’s pure majority rule: and not only does the majority sometimes get completely carried away with some self-destructive project from which no reason can deter them, but it also has a habit of riding rough-shod over the minority. Just imagine a whole country run as Democrats now run our House of Representatives, and you’ll get the picture.

Our founders also studied the example set by Rome. The Romans had a republic. Instead of rule by mere majority, Roman government was operated by elected representatives, with two main branches of government (executive and legislative) and a system of checks and balances. The Greek historian Polybius praised the Roman system for being more stable and more just than anything they had in Greece.

But Rome couldn’t keep her republic. Our founders knew that, and decided to improve on Rome’s model by adding a third branch of government, the judiciary, and by writing everything down, with changes only to be made by a clearly-defined amendment process. They also tried to protect the states from being engulfed by the central government. We’re still working on that today. The great weakness of Rome’s republic was that it was never finished; it was always a work in progress; there was always an element of making it up as they went along. In framing our Constitution, this was what our founders labored to avoid.

And so, you see, the United States is not a democracy but, by law and custom, a republic. The two terms are not interchangeable.

For anyone to prattle on and on about “America’s democracy” is either ignorant, dishonest, or both. We do not have a democracy, and heaven forbid we ever do.

The Horror of Sheer Godlessness

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I wish I could remember which of you recommended this movie to us. Feel free to remind me.

The Circle is a 2017 techno-thriller starring Emma Watson (Harry Potter) and Tom Hanks (Far Left Crazy). It received an awful lot of bad reviews (somebody called it “the reason people hate Hollywood”), but I would call it a timely, worthwhile horror movie. One might even say an appalling horror movie.

Watson plays a young woman, nobody special, who lands a job with The Circle, the world’s biggest media corporation, a social media colossus reminiscent of Google, not to mention Scientology meets Amway–with the Tower of Babel and Revelation thrown in. Hanks, playing the lord high CEO of The Circle, sums up its philosophy succinctly: “Knowing things is good. But knowing everything is better!”

And so you have this hi-tech amoeba spreading out to engulf everybody, and we’re all cool with that because once the sum total of human knowledge and experience is gathered into one place and digitized, etc., “We will reach our full potential” (God forbid!) and be able to do everything and solve every single problem in the world. Indeed, there will be nothing too trivial for The Circle to sink its fangs into. There will be no more privacy: because having a personal experience not shared by everybody in the world is “selfish.”

But this is where Satan takes us, with his promise that “ye shall be as gods.” He always takes us there! A less deserving object of worship than ourselves should be, for anyone not totally off his chump, impossible to imagine.

It’s almost as hard to imagine how horrible it would be to live in a world from which privacy has literally been eradicated. The Circle has even succeeded in making membership mandatory and getting the government to require everyone to vote–a little fantasy which President *Batteries Not Included used to kick around.

The Circle abounds with babble about “democracy,” abundantly demonstrating why our country’s founders had a horror of it, and did everything in their power to give us a republic instead. Or you could read The Peloponnesian War, Thucydides’ eyewitness account of the political hysteria that led to the civic suicide of Athens.

Maybe we don’t want to be “connected” with everyone else in the world. Maybe we don’t want to know what Joe Blow in Brazzaville had for supper that night. Maybe we absolutely no way want a global government, or a global anything for that matter.

The last time we tried this, building the Tower of Babel, God came down and confounded our language. It was an act of mercy. He was protecting us from those who would devour us alive.

If He has to do it again, it won’t be pretty.


Another Warning from History

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Thucydides–we ought to listen to him.

I gather from reading Thucydides’ history of the Peloponnesian War, in which he participated personally as a general of Athens, that the one thing, more than any other, that destroyed Athens’ primitive democracy was hysteria. A perfect storm of politics, personality clashes, and sheer irrational decision-making moved the Athenians, just when they had gained the upper hand against the Spartans, to declare war on Syracuse–for no good reason!–the most populous and best-defended city in the ancient Greek world.

The Athenian fleet and army, commanded by the one general, Nicias, who opposed the scheme–his political enemies put him in charge to punish him–went to Sicily and tried to conquer Syracuse by siege. The result was Athens’ entire army wiped out or captured, and the loss of the war to Sparta. The victors abolished Athens’ form of government, erased the Athenian leadership, and saw to it that Athens never rose again.

It makes for rather grim reading.

Knowing their history, our country’s founders chose not to give America a democracy, but rather a republic, a more stable form of government. But even a republic must be carefully maintained if it is to survive: and in our case, many of our leaders seem to think the United States is an Athenian-style “democracy,” and act accordingly.

And so hysteria, just as it did in Athens long ago, is gaining the upper hand.

There are no compelling reasons not to confirm Brett Kavanagh’s appointment to the Supreme Court. What we have, instead, is a lust for power among Democrats, who have long used the Court as a way to impose their will on America–think abortion, and “gay marriage”–via innovations that never had enough public support to be legislated in the ordinary way.

And as anyone can see who follows the news, their chief weapon in this power struggle is hysteria. They are more than willing to circumvent, or even destroy, such obstacles as presumption of innocence, the requirement of actual evidence to sustain an accusation, and ordinary decency–anything to get their way.

Now it has come down to this: Kavanagh must be confirmed by the Republican majority in the Senate, if these tactics are not to prevail and become the whole new way of deciding public policy in America.

This controversy has become our Syracuse.

The Senate Republicans must overcome their habitual cowardice and stand up for the rule of law against the rule of hysteria.

We’ll be in terrible trouble if they don’t.